History of Gujrat - گجرات کی تاریخ
History of Gujrat (گجرات کی تاریخ)
The place of Gujrat is populated since ancient times. Gujrat has very long history of different time spans. Different rulers rule over this agriculturally fertile and geographically well located city.
History of Gujrat according to Hindu Myths:
Though the name of this city was different in beginning but there was a city present in this place in the times when Hindus were the ruler of this area. And the city was a part of Hindustan of that time. The history of Gujrat is being mainly with old Hindu civilization and the legends of the Hindu mythology. Raja Jay Dharat was the first who ruled Gujrat. After his death there were several Rajas who ruled Gujrat. One of them was Raja Bachan Lal who built "Ude-Nagri" (which means the city of greeneries and pleasant smells). He married with Rani Gojran. After his death, Rani Gojran becomes the ruler and she renamed this place as "Gujar Nagar" which by the time has now become the Gujrat.
Alexander the Great Regime:
Whatever, is said above are all the Hindu stories. The main history of Gujrat originates from the days of Alexander the Great. Alexander capturing after Egypt, Palestine, Syria, and Babel, reached the territories of south west regions of the India (Now Pakistan Areas) and conquered these areas. He crossed the Jhelum River in the night and defeated Raja Porus in a historical battle. After Alexander's death several others foreign adventurer ruled have also attacked and ruled over Gujrat. After some times Hindus again recaptured Gujrat.
Sultan Mehmood Ghaznavi and Gujrat:
During Sultan Mehmood Gazanvi regime Muslims came to this region and establish First Muslim Government in Gujrat and other Punjab. India was conquered by Muslims, and Ayub Malik was made Governor of Lahore and also the ruler of Gujrat and Punjab.
Reconstruction of Gujrat in Moughal Empire:
At the time of Moughals Gujrat was included in Moughal Empire. In 1580, when great Moughal Emperor Akbar-e-Azam was passing through Gujrat, he saw the worsening condition of Gujrat and felt pity. So he ordered to reconstruct the city. In those days there were two sects of people, Jats and Gujars, living in the Gujrat. They normally fought with each other. People of Gujrat collected an amount of one and half Lac Rupees. The city of
was constructed with its all dignity. It remained under Muslim rule till Aurang Zeb Alamgir. Gujrat
Sikh Regime and Gujrat:
After the death of Aurang Zeb Alamgir the Mughals began to lose their grip over India and Punjab including Gujrat was conquered by Sikhs.
After the 1857 war British were became the sole rulers of whole India. This area of Gujrat also became the part of British Indian State.
After Independence of Pakistan:
With the independence of Pakistan in 1947, city of Gujrat became the part of Pakistan. Gujrat developed in a great way after independence.
Now the Gujrat is well established and developed district of Punjab Pakistan. Its literacy rate is very high as compare to other regions of Pakistan. It has a leading name in many industrial and agricultural products. The people of Gujrat are well educated, highly skilled and brave. So they are successful in every field of