Gujrat is an ancient city which was founded by Raja Bachhan PalGurjarin 460 BC, according to a British historian. Historical consensus is that it existed in the time of Alexanderthe Great (known as Sikandar-e-Azam in Pakistan), and that the city's Raja Porus put up a fierce challenge to Alexander's invasion at the bank of theJehlumRiver. The establishment of GujratCity was realized early in the 1900 century after the British Empire and in support of regional land lords (e.g., Daswandi Khan of Daswandi Pura).
During theMughal periodMughal royalty would travel through the district en-route toKashmir. When King Jahangir died while he was returning from Kashmir, the news of his death was not released to avoid any unrest in the empire. As such, his abdominal organs were taken out and buried in Gujrat.
Two main battles between British and Sikh armies were fought in this district: the“Battle of Chillianwala”and“Battle of Gujrat”. Only after winning the battle of Gujrat on 22 February, 1849 the British declare victory in Punjab.
According to Britannica:
The city lies just north of theChenabRiverand is connected with Lahore and Peshawarvia the Grand Trunk Road. The present city, which lies on the site of a succession of earlier cities, developed around the fort built by the Mughal Emperor Akbar in 1580. In 1867 it was incorporated as a municipality. A battle fought there in 1849 broke Sikh power and permitted British annexation of the Punjab.
The area in which Gujrat is situated lies between the Chenab and Jhelum rivers and marks the northern limits of the Punjab plains. The LowerJhelumCanal irrigates some 1,250 square miles (3,200 square km) under wheat, millet, and legume cultivation. A mound at Mung (Mong) has been identified as the site of Alexandria Nicaea, the city built byAlexander the Greaton the field of his victory over Raja Porus in the 4th centuryB.C.
There are many historical buildings and ruins in and aroundGujrat.The Grand Trunk Road commonly abbreviated asGT roadbuilt by emperorSher Shah Suri also passes from Gujrat. The road still exists today, along with its period stone wall. The villagesGorala, Kunjah, Jalalpur Jattan, Mangowal and Kathala Chenabare historic villages, they gives many popular persons like poets. Most of the people in these villages areJutt Warraich. Other main tribes are Gujar, Jutt, Syed, Khokhar and Jutt Gondal. The nearby townsof Shadiwal, kalra kalan Tanda, Adowal, Amra Kalan, Kotla,Bangial, Dinga and Kunjah have historical buildings and ruins. The village Kurree Sharif is famous for the shrines of saints and mazar of Malik Jusrus, the forefather ofMaliks (Khokhars) ofPunjab.